Genital warts, which are also known as “venereal warts”, are one of the most prevalent
sexually transmitted diseases in the world. In fact, based on the studies by Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP), there are at least 20 million people in
the US who are carrying human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus responsible for genital
warts. Moreover, the studies show that in the US, around 6 million cases of genital
warts are diagnosed annually. Genital warts can happen in both men and women.
The virus causes outbreaks of tiny, flesh-colored, cauliflower-shaped lesions that
may appear raised or flat. These warts usually develop in the genital and anal regions
of both males and females. They may also form in the mouth and throat area in persons
who have engaged in oral sex with an infected partner.
Genital warts may be a sexually transmitted disease, but the virus that causes it
does not require the exchange of bodily fluids during intercourse for it to be passed
on to another person. HPV is spread through direct contact with the skin of an infected
person. This means that genital warts can be transmitted not only through vaginal
and anal sex, but also through oral sex and during foreplay.